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Sackvoyage Tour Ltd. » Country profile » Samarkand » Highlights


Reghistan square - ensemble of majestic and tilting madrassahs (15-17 cc.), consisting of Ulugbek Madrassah, Tillya Kari Medressah and Sher Dor Madrassah. Ulugbek Madrassah - the oldest building was built by the order of Ulugbek (grandson of Amir Temur). The other two were built in first half of 17 century by the order of ruler of Samarkand - Yalangtush-bakhadur. In 19 century the Registan square served as market.
Bibi Khanym Mosque (15 c.) - the gigantic congregational mosque, once one of the Islamic world's biggest mosques and the biggest building in old Samarkand. It was built by the order of Tamerlane in memory of his campaign to India in 1399. The building last 5 years but the construction proved to be unstable and began to fall to ruins in several decades. Soon the mosque turned to picturesque symbol of Samarkand, surrounded by numerous legends.
Shakhi Zinda (The Living King) - necropolis of Samarkand rulers and nobles. The name refers to its original, innermost and holiest shrine - the grave of Qusam ibn-Abbas, a cousin of the Prophet Muhammad, who is said brought Islam to this area. Decorations of the mausoleums are of exceptional interest. Specialists believe that Shakhi Zinda complex represent new style in architecture and construction in Muslim world, the center of which was Samarkand.
Ulugbek Observatory (1420) - the remains of an immense (30 m. tall) astrolabe for observing star position, part of three-storey observatory, which were excavated in 1908 by Russian archeologist Vyatkin. Today visitors can view his discovery, the underground section of a vast quadrant, ignored by the fanatics who destroyed the building in 1449.
Afrasiab hills - ruins of ancient town, destroyed by Genghis Khan in 1220. In the museum there are fragments of 7th century frescoes, excavated from Afrasiab ruins.
Мечеть "Хазрет хызр" - 19 в. Построена в честь почитаемого в исламе легерданого старца-странника, культ которого уходит в доисламские времена. Он, также является хранителем воды. Считалось, что встреча с Хазрет-Хазрымом бывает нежданной и всегда приносит счастье людям.
Мавзолей "Ходжа Данияра" - 15 в. Расположен в живописной местности на склоне многоводного арыка Сиаб. Это одно из самых святых мест в Самарканде, т.к. здесь захоронены останки знаменитого библейского пророка Даниила, которого на востоке называют Ходжа Данияр.
Комплекс "Аль Бухари" - Расположен он в 12 км. от Самарканда. Когда -то, здесь у могилы Мухаммада ибн Исмаила Бухари была построена мечеть. Сам Имам аль-Бухари родился в 9 веке в Бухаре, но умер и похоронен был под Самаркандом в 870 г. Имам собрал и упорядочил 7275 хадисов.
Gur Emir (in Tajik - Tomb of the emir) - necropolis of Temur and the Temurids (15 c.). The complex consists of several buildings, built in different time. Gur Emir itself was built by the order of Amir Temur for his beloved, untimely deceased grandson Muhammad Sultan, who was announced as heir of Amir Temur. Later Amir Temur, some members of his family and two respected Sufi Sheykhs all were buried here.

"Once you have become the companion of the road,
it calls you again. The road lies outside the door
of your house full of charm and mystery".

Graham, Stephen
Through Russian Central Asia (1916)